Oncology Hospitals and Clinics
Types of Oncologists
An oncologist is a physician who treats cancer and offers medical care for someone diagnosed with cancer.
The field of oncology has three major regions: medical, surgical, and radiation.
A medical oncologist treats cancer using chemotherapy or alternative medicines, such as targeted therapyor immunotherapy.
A surgical oncologist eliminates the tumor and nearby tissue during operation. He or she performs certain kinds of biopsies to help diagnose cancer.
A radiation oncologist treats cancer with radiation therapy.
Other Kinds of oncologists include:
Some kinds of cancer occur most frequently in children and teens. This includes specific brain tumors, leukemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma. Kinds of cancer more prevalent in kids sometimes also occur in adults. In such situations, an adult may choose to work with a pediatric oncologist.
An oncologist handles a patient’s care during the course of the illness. This begins with the diagnosis. Their role includes:
Explaining the cancer identification and phase
Speaking about all treatment options and his or her preferred choice
Delivering quality and compassionate care
Helping a patient handle the symptoms and side effects of cancer and cancer treatment.
Various types of doctors often work together to create a patient’s overall treatment plan which combines different types of treatments. As an example, a patient may require treatment with a combination of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation treatment. This is referred to as a multidisciplinary team.
Cancer care teams also include a variety of other healthcare professionals:
A pathologist reads laboratory evaluations. This includes assessing tissues, tissues, and organs to diagnose disorder
A diagnostic radiologist conducts imaging tests to diagnose disease. This includes x-rays or ultrasound evaluations.
An oncology nurse
An oncology social worker
The group may also involve doctors from other fields of medicine. As an example, a dermatologist who specializes in skin problems might also help treat skin cancer.
Occasionally a person’s cancer diagnosis is complicated. In cases like this, the patient’s oncologist may ask a tumor board to reassess the situation. This entails medical experts from all areas of cancer care that come together to decide on the best treatment plan.